Enquiry 3: Investigating contrasting localities
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What conflicts have been commemorated or ignored in these localities?
About this unit                            
Teaching Ideas
Main Learning Outcome:

Pupils compare how different localities have represented part conflicts.

Learning Objectives:

History 1.5a:
• To consider the significance of conflicts in a different/wider context.

History 1.6b:
• To explore how events have been interpreted and represented in different way through memorials.

History 2.2:
• To identify, select and use a range of evidence from more than one historic environment.

Geography: 1.1b Place:
• Developing ‘geographical imaginations’ of places.
Geography: 2.2 Fieldwork and out-of-class learning.

• Select and use fieldwork tools and techniques appropriately, safely and efficiently. These include using ICT, such as digital and video cameras and GIS.

Geography: 2.3b Graphicacy and visual literacy
• Construct maps and plans at a variety of scales, using graphical techniques to present evidence.

Design & Technology
1.2a Cultural understanding
• Understanding how products evolve according to users’ and designers’ needs, beliefs, ethics and values and how they are influenced by local customs and traditions and available materials.

1.4 Critical evaluation
• Analysing existing products and solutions to inform designing and making.

Independent enquirers and creative thinkers:
• To explore events from different perspectives and to ask questions to extend their thinking.
Follow process for Enquiry 2 for a contrasting locality/contrasting localities. Teachers can choose which contrasting locality they use.

Pupils use a Venn diagram (one circle for their local area, one circle for each contrasting locality) to plot all memorials from both localities on the diagram with those in common in the overlap.

In groups - take one conflict that is commemorated in both localities and record similarities and differences between how that event has been represented.

One option is to organise a study visit to London to explore memorials in the capital. A possible route for a ‘memorial walk’ is provided in Resource 3a.  If this is not possible teachers can use Resources 3b and 3c to construct a ‘virtual tour’.

Resource 3d contains a series of activities that introduce pupils to some of the key memorials in London. Firstly, pupils have to try and sort the memorials in chronological order (both in terms of the conflicts they represent and when they were built) before trying to match captions containing information about the memorials to pictures of the memorials.

Pupils then go on to explore how memorial designs have changed over time and to debate what makes a memorial effective.  
Resource 3a
Memorial Walk round London Click Here
(in English Heritage guide ‘Remembrance – 20th Century War Memorials in Central London’):
Route map: Click Here
Resource 3b
Photographs of memorials in London: Click Here
Resource 3c
Video footage of memorials in London (accessed via on the Route map by clicking the symbol of the film camera).
Resource 3d
London Memorials Activities: Click Here
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