Conflict in East Timor 1999-2000
In 1975, the Portuguese evacuated their South East Asian colony
of East Timor. A Civil War broke out between rival factions.
The pro-Western government of neighbouring Indonesia feared
a Communist take over. With American approval, Indonesian troops occupied East Timor which was then annexed.
By 1999, the brutality of the Indonesian occupation encouraged local demands for independence and horrified international observers.
International pressure, including from the United States, forced
an Indonesian withdrawal. To maintain order and prepare for independence the United Nations sent in a multi-national peace-keeping force which included British personnel.
East Timor became an independent sovereign state in 2002.